Leadership: Article Review
Cherniss (2000) argues that since Daniel Goleman published the first book on emotional intelligence in 1995, the topic has attracted debate in corporate America. Historically, researchers recognized that while cognitive aspects are important in thinking about intelligence, non-cognitive aspects are as well important. As early as 1940, researchers recognized intellective and non-intellective elements in defining intelligence. The researchers argued that non-intellective elements are important in predicting the ability of an individual to succeed in life. Apart from Wechsler, other researchers such as Thorndike supported the argument. When it comes to IQ psychology, the Ohio State Leadership Studies proposes that consideration is an essential element of effective leadership. The research under Hemphill in 1959, shows that leaders who are able to create respect, mutual trust and rapport amongst team members are more effective. The later research focussed on evaluating cognitive and non-cognitive elements that help people in succeeding in the workplace and in life.
From the historical foundation the contemporary researchers define emotional intelligence as a social form of intelligence which involves the ability to evaluate an individual and other peoples’ emotions and feelings, to differentiate them, and to utilize the details in guiding an individual’s thinking and actions. However, other researchers such as McClelland became concerned about how traditional tests on cognitive intelligence gave little information on what it takes to be successful. The argument was that IQ is not a good predictor of job performance. Instead, cognitive ability, social, and emotional factors determine success. Cognitive and non-cognitive abilities are related. Research suggests that social and emotional skills improve cognitive functioning. To be successful, cognitive abilities plays an important part just as social and emotional elements. High level of optimism and ability to handle stress and manage feelings, are the major aspects of emotional intelligence that are essential for leadership success.