Program Cost Effectiveness

Program Cost Effectiveness

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The TANF program is a social welfare program. It has four objectives. First, it seeks to ensure that children in needy families are taken care of in their own homes. Second, it seeks to promote employment among needy parents. Third, the program seeks to reduce out-of-wedlock pregnancies. Fourth, it seeks to increase two-parent families. To determine the cost-effectiveness of the program, a cost-benefit analysis should be conducted. In this analysis, the costs and benefits of the program should be identified and categorized (Royse et al., 2016).

The primary categories that the program’s costs and benefits fall into are; first the direct costs (Royse et al., 2016). In this case, the direct costs will be the money provided by the donors. Direct benefits would be meeting the objectives of the program. Second category is the indirect costs coming from the overhead of the management office. The third category is the tangible costs such as the purchasing of office tools and the payroll. Then, there are the intangible costs such as changes in the end user’s satisfaction. The intangible benefits would include the increased rate of dependency.

Calculating these costs and benefits include two steps. The first step is outlining the overall costs in terms of dollars and then calculating the total costs. The second step is outlining the overall benefits and calculating the total benefits. Then, the total costs and total benefits should be compared. This data can be collected through the TANF program reports which provide detailed information about the program (Wang et al., 2014). Published estimates about the program from existing literature will also be useful. Interviews and questionnaires will also be used to collect data on the costs and benefits of the program. 


Royse, D., Thyer, B. A., & Padgett, D. K. (2016). Program evaluation: An introduction to an evidence-based approach (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.

Wang, L.Y., Vernon-Smiley, M., Gapinski, M. A., Desisto, M., Maughan, E., & Sheetz, A.     (2014). Cost-benefit study of school nursing services. JAMA Pediatrics, 7(168), 642–      648.