Part 1: Stakeholder Analysis
Program Stakeholder Analysis
The TANF program involves various participants and stakeholders. These include; the government which is responsible for funding the program (ACF, 2019). Second, there is a group of administrators and management responsible for implementing the program. Third participants are the policymakers responsible for developing policies that guide the implementation of the program. Fourth stakeholders are the needy families who benefit directly from the program. Then, there is the general public with the role of funding the program indirectly.
The evaluator would use various strategies to facilitate communication and collaboration with stakeholders. Specifically, the evaluator would use a data dialogue approach. This would involve engaging stakeholders in discussion sessions where they would give their opinions in groups. The evaluator would then review the feedback to gather the required information (King & Stevahn, 2013).
TANF program stakeholders have different expectations and concerns. The finding agencies would expect the program to improve the quality of life of needy families. Their concerns would be pushing the budget over limits. Program administrators and managers expect the program to achieve its goals. Their concern would be a misappropriation of the fund. Needy families expect the program to make their lives better (ACF, 2019). Their concern would be the program failing to fulfill their needs. The general public expects the program to improve the lives of needy families. Their concern would be increased dependency on the government.
TANF program stakeholders might have some conflicts of interest. For example, administrators and management may select their friends to benefit from the program. The funding agencies may use the program to push their political agenda. These conflicts if not managed may lead to undesired outcomes (Royse et al., 2016).
To ensure that the evaluation is effective and appreciated by stakeholders several interpersonal and political considerations would be made. First, the evaluator would ensure that any possible conflict of interest is identified and addressed before addressing the program. The evaluator should ensure there is no bias while evaluating the program (Royse et al., 2016). Also, the evaluator should include political perspectives of all stakeholders in planning the evaluation process to avoid political pressures that may hinder the success of the evaluation.
Part 2: The Needs Assessment Document
Needs Analysis for Proposed Evaluation of TANF Program
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is a social program seeks to improve life quality for needy families in the country. It replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program in 1997 under the 1996 legislation of welfare reform. Through the program, needy families are assisted to live better lives. The government spends millions of dollars funding this program. Therefore, it is important to evaluate its effectiveness. This is also in consideration of the ongoing debate on the persistent deficits and debt of the government. It is also important to evaluate the program since it replaced a program that was proven ineffective (ACF, 2019).
TANF program has several direct participants playing various roles. The first participants are the funding agencies. These include the county, state, and federal governments. These are major sources of funds for the program (ACF, 2019). Second participants are needy families. This is the group that directly benefits from the program. Then, there is the organizational management which ensures that the program attains the set goals by implementing the program.
TANF program was created to improve the quality of life of needy families. Specifically, the program was created to; first, to give needy families help that would ensure that needy children are taken care of by their families in their homes. Second, enable needy parents to secure employment opportunities reducing their dependency (ACF, 2019). Third, reduce out-of-wedlock pregnancies. Fourth, increase families made of two parents.
Program participants desire different benefits of the program (Royse et al., 2016). The federal, state, and country governments, would desire that the program succeeds in improving lives for the needy families in the country. This outcome would be measured by assessing the number of needy families that have benefited from the program and the dependency rate. Needy families would desire that the program fulfills their needs (ACF, 2019). This outcome would be measured by assessing the employment rates of needy parents, out-of-wedlock pregnancies, and the number of families with two parents. The management would desire that the program achieves the set goals. This would be measured by assessing client satisfaction.
TANF may result in some possible unfavorable outcomes. One such problem is the increased dependency of the government (ACF, 2019). Other possible unfavorable outcomes would be a misappropriation of the funds, and failure to achieve the set goals. These outcomes can be assessed by looking at the number of needy families seeking assistance through the program, needy families that survive on their own after getting assistance, and public satisfaction with the program implementation.
Several procedures are required to run the TANF program. First is identifying the purpose of the program which is improving the quality of life among needy families (Royse et al., 2016). Second, is determining if the economic and political climates are favorable for funding the program. The third procedure is determining and availing the inputs required to implement the program. The fourth procedure is determining the interventions required to achieve the purpose of the program. The fifth procedure is determining the outcomes of the program.
Logic Model for Running TANF Program
Proposed Program Evaluation
The program evaluation would focus on answering the following questions; how many needy children are being taken care of in their homes by their families or relatives? What is the employment rate of the needy parents enrolled in the program? What is the number of out-of-wedlock pregnancies? How many needy families are made of two parents? What is the public satisfaction level about the TANF program? Answers to these questions would show if the program is successful or if some changes are required (Royse et al., 2016).
Cost/Benefit Analysis of Proposed Program Evaluation
|Assessing the need for evaluation||30,000||Understanding the needs of needy families|
|Evaluating the process||40,000||Designing achievable objectives|
|Evaluating impact||50,000||Improving program effectiveness|
In evaluating the program, several ethical concerns should be considered. First, the evaluator should consider the conflict of interest. Second, the evaluator should identify possible sources of bias. Third, the evaluator should consider political pressures that may create problems for the program. Fourth, the evaluator should ensure that they comply with the guiding principles of evaluators. These concerns to the established ethical standards and the requirements of IRB on evaluation (American Psychological Association, 2017). Evaluators are required to comply to avoid any conflict of interests or any form of bias for evaluation process validity.
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program serves a great purpose in improving the lives of needy families. The Federal, State, and County governments spend millions of dollars funding this program. However, just like any other social program, the TANF program should be evaluated. This will help justify the program or identity areas that need improvement for a successful program. An evaluation would ensure that needy families live better lives while other participants achieve their desired outcomes. Therefore, investing in the evaluation of the program is necessary as its outcomes would help achieve the goals of the program.
Administration for Children and Families (ACF) (2019). About TANF. Retrieved from https://www.acf.hhs.gov/ofa/programs/tanf/about
American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx
American Evaluation Association. (2015) Guiding principles for evaluators. Retrieved from http://www.eval.org/p/cm/ld/fid=51
King, J. A., & Stevahn, L. (2013). Interactive evaluation practice: Mastering the interpersonal dynamics of program evaluation. Los Angeles, CA: Sage:
Royse, D., Thyer, B. A., & Padgett, D. K. (2016). Program evaluation: An introduction to an evidence-based approach (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.