Italian life under Mussolini
The Italian life under the rule of a dictator called Benito Mussolini was such a horrible experience; they were in the bondage of a man who had a crooked past and disturbed the parents by causing havoc in the society through booling other students in school. He went even further to stub his fellow student and moreover, marrying his close relative. The Italians were not lucky to escape this evil moral through Mussolini since they were under the umbrella of his leadership. He managed to control them in all aspects of their daily lives so as to increase his power and dominion over them. He was able to monitor the Italian because of his intelligence which was even recognized in school, due to this he was able to apply wisdom and sometimes pretends to provide help innocently, but at the back of his mind, he was able to calculate the benefit to come on his side.
The primary goal of Mussolini and the so-called IFP (Italian Fascist party) was to have dominion over the lives of Italian citizens. They had control over almost all the aspects of the Italians such as where they work, their worship, sports and even their resting places. As the party in charge, they replaced the cultural customs to their customary handshake by removing the polite Italian address (lei) to the informal voi thereby altering the communication integrity and morals in the society which possibly stirred up bad morals. Moreover, they went further to control the individual and personal movements of the citizens through gaining the rights to have the power to review and cancel their passports. Due to their selfish ambitions in 1950, they introduced the so-called the “Battle of Nataly’’ which aimed at increasing the population to a margin of sixty million person, these were one of the ideas of Mussolini to gain power over their rivals the Germans and the Soviet Union.
In the year 1925, the party comes up with a movement to improve the working conditions under their leader Edmondo Rossoni to control the existing problems in the wages of the workers. This medium was significantly challenged by Mussolini, and he began to favor the employees himself so as to consolidate his power and to secretly kill the relationship between the society and their leader Edmondo. He wanted to create a picture that he has the heart of the employers at hand. Despite to gain favor over the employees, this idea was meant to cripple the labor movement that was formed earlier hence avoiding the previous contracts that were put in place and replacing them with the newly created laws by the Fascist Union. In the year 1925, the laws were finally drafted that banned strikes and lockouts and stated that a workman who does not have a card of the Fascist union was not going to be employed.
The Italian agricultural sector did not escape the menace since the government begun to control it just as they did for the technical matters. The government through Mussolini introduced a movement in the year 1925 called the Battle of the grain. This action was meant to make sure that the Italians had its foodstuffs and not importing from other countries. This propaganda was a plus to Mussolini since the luxury of the regime increase while looking forward to the coming war as well. However, this propaganda did not favor all such as the focus on other crops shifted, only the large landholders were able to benefit, and exports were discouraged. The government only supported those who were close to it and thus leading to the fall of small landowners due to debts and loss of property.
The freedom of real worship was not in the heart of this Italian leader Mussolini. He went to church because he knew that the church had a greater influence in the Italian society and since his motive was to take dominion, this was a chance he could not ignore to enable him to support his regime. He supported the church by doing things like increasing salaries of the clerical, banning of Freemasonry, a building of schools to support the catholic students to enable the teaching of catechism and finally by restoring the crucifix in law courts. In the 1930s, the relationship between the Fascist and the Italian Jews went to the corner. This led to the formation of legislation to order the deportation of foreign Jews and forbidding the Italian from holding public office, Jewish children were expelled from public schools, to run a business with over 100 workers, to join Fascist party and possession of more than fifty hectares of land in the nation.
Indeed, the leadership of Mussolini was such a horrible one. The Italian citizens went through pain and struggled under the Directorate of the Fascist party. The idea of Mussolini to control all the aspects of the Italian lives come to pass. He was able to extend his leadership even to the marginalized individuals such as the small landholders going through debts and eventually closing up. Perhaps we come to understand that the government should be truthful, honest and should exercise equality and not show partiality, favoritism and other unworthy acts.
Bosworth, Richard JB. Mussolini’s Italy: Life Under the Fascist Dictatorship, 1915-1945. Penguin, 2007.
Griffin, Roger. Modernism and Fascism: The sense of a beginning under Mussolini and Hitler. Springer, 2007.