The Policy Evaluation Process
History of policy evaluation
The policy was professionalized as a field such as in the academic journals, professional associations and therefore creating well-established areas with the wealth of experience. However, in the mid-1990s ASCD and PDK published evaluation handbooks that were used in education.
The Characteristics of Policy Evaluation
The steps in the policy evaluation include the following; first, determining the goals of the system, signs selection, developing a data collection instruments which are used in the compilation of data for summary and analysis. The analyzed data is therefore submitted in the writing of the evaluation report. The final step is the response to the evaluator’s recommendations.
The criteria for judging evaluations
The program evaluation standards of the year 1994 had the four categories with 30 standards. These are usefulness; the evaluation must be done by a qualified team. The feasibility, the evaluation should be doable without imposing the unreasonable strains on the schools. The propriety, the evaluation must conform to the accepted norms of the research process. And finally, the assessment process should enhance a high level of accuracy to minimize mistakes.
Purpose of assessment & methodology used
The summative evaluation to hold the implementers of the policy accountable, and this may access the quality of the system. The formative evaluation enables the implementers to make changes as required to improve it. Lastly the pseudo evaluation, which involves data collection and the dissemination of the final report controlled to create the desired impression on the policy. The methodologies used are the quantitative research designs used in the collection and analysis of the numerical data. The strengths and weaknesses of the people used to collect the dislike and likes of the people. The holistic evaluation utilized for both qualitative and quantitative data.
The politics of evaluation
These involve policy makers to request the assessment and use the results. We have the policy implementers who typically want a positive assessment of the jobs and careers. The clients involve the students and the parents. The policy evaluators expected to produce good research to enable a good policy decision and also to enhance their careers and reputations as evaluators.
The tricks to prevent a quality evaluation
This is done through the following; Block the evaluation, votes to cancel an assessment process and sometimes by taking away fund from it. Next, is shaping the criteria to be used for evaluation to ensure the outcome. Next are the Cancelling interview appointments and refuse complete surveys, requested documents, and records. And lastly, by attacking the quality of a completed evaluation report will prevent the tricks.
Craig, P., Dieppe, P., Macintyre, S., Michie, S., Nazareth, I., & Petticrew, M. (2008). Developing and evaluating complex interventions: the new Medical Research Council guidance. BMJ, 337, a1655.