Sediments water pollution
Sediments are the most common among the other pollutants. It originates from the deterioration of the surface. Water pollution is when the quality of the water has been degraded and is now not safe to be used by the animals regarding drinking and for transportation by the plants and the entire ecosystems. The sediments regarding debris and other materials are eroded from different sources and move through a process called surface run-off and entering the large water sources like lakes, seas, and oceans. The sediments carry with them some chemicals that sometimes affect the pH of the water, thereby making the survival of the sea animals or species difficult. These problems have affected the entire world leading to a significant loss (Varol, 2011).
The causes and consequence
The sediments come from water erosion and carry with them some soil particle and other materials and deposit them to the rivers, lakes, and oceans through the surface runoff. The sediments contaminate the water and may lead to effects such as clogging the fins of the fish hence causing breathing difficulty which may result in death (Varol, 2011). The other effects are that the nutrients that are carried by the sediments may make the blue, green algae which grow on the water to release some toxic substances that may make the people swimming to have some skin problems. The other effect is that the sediments may increase the cost of treating water. The deposits will make the purification of water difficult since it will involve getting rid of the bad smell due to the effects of the sediments. These will, therefore, increase the cost of living among the people. These problems should be solved, and the solution created.
Varol, M. (2011). Assessment of heavy metal contamination in sediments of the Tigris River (Turkey) using pollution indices and multivariate statistical techniques. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 195, 355-364.