THE CYBORG MANIFESTO
The book cyborg manifesto was written by a distinguished professor Donna Haraway. It’s a piece if fiction that was published in the year 1986, revising and thereby expanding it again for great publication in the year 1991. The fiction work is believed to be one of the best works of Donna Haraway. The other works of the author are the simians and the cyborg and women which have also reached the extreme public interest thereby putting her at the top. The author wrote this work as a response to the ‘’ Goddess feminism ‘’ movement, an American attempt to reject things technologically and hence return to women and then to nature. She saw this movement as a reactionary rather than being progressive feminist politics in the United States America. This medium increased the popularity of the fiction since it was able to respond to the occurrence happening and influencing the society at that time (Haraway, cyborg manifesto, 2006).
The fiction does not give an explicit representation of the characters but rather provides a general view of women in the society. However, the writer involves other central feminist thinker’s views and minds to pass her intended message home. These include French writers Monique Witting who exhausted women to reject the masculinist and instead writes the truth of their bodies through autobiography and performance. To a great extent, the Haraway manifesto operates in the spirit known as the ‘’l’’scripture feminine’’, based on the non-linear, the performativity and the autobiographical languages to describe the truth of the new model of the body; that of the cyborg.
The author also involves the thoughts of Chela Sandoval who has placed her arguments based on the women of color. Sandoval coins the term oppositional consciousness to explain the effect that the phrase women of color have had on the feminist community in the United States of America. Moreover, she designates a sort of racial importance that there is nothing that a woman of color is rather than what the society depicts about them. The other author that Haraway involves is the Catherine Mackinnon who wrote and gave her thoughts about the radical feminism in the society which the Haraway tends to disagree with. Catherine argues that the feminine must diverge or move away from the Marxism by emphasizing the sexual relation first and a class second (Springer Netherlands, 2006).
Haraway involves the thoughts of Richard Gordon, who talks about the electronics assembly and the ‘’feminizing ‘’ of labor in the general view. These ideas of Richard help Haraway to improve her arguments that the feminization of labor is not new to individual segments of the current population. She talks about the black women in the States and there dealing with the structural underemployment as well as their highly vulnerable position in the wage economy in the states (Springer Netherlands, 2006). The difference now comes when the many more women and men will come to contend about the similar situations. However, Haraway maintains that the cross-gender and the so-called race alliances on the issues of the basic life support.
Evaluation and recommendation
Overall the book leaves us with a positive impression of the role of the cyborg in the society. The Cyborg imagery can assist in the production of the universal and the responsibility of the social relations of the science and technology. These medium has improved the continuation and the evaluation of skillful task of reconstructing the boundaries of the daily lives of the people. It is an imagination of feminist thoughts bound in the spinal dance; I would rather be a cyborg than a goddess. I would like to take this time to recommend this book to the society due to its diversity in the knowledge that will help you understand the society that we live in (Bartkowski, Frances & Wendy, 2010).
Bartkowski, Frances, and Wendy K. Kolmar. Feminist theory: A reader. McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2010.
Haraway, Donna, and A. Cyborg Manifesto. “Science, technology, and socialist-feminism in the late twentieth century.” The cybercultures reader 291 (2000).
Haraway, Donna. “A cyborg manifesto: Science, technology, and socialist-feminism in the late 20th century.” In The International Handbook of virtual learning environments, pp. 117-158. Springer Netherlands, 2006.