Philippine history and department of foreign affairs during American occupation
The Historical background
The Philippines went through a colonial rule from the United States of America from 1898 to 1946. The nation regained independence and perhaps the full control over important departments like the foreign affairs and other diplomatic matters on 4th July 1946. The country passed the commonwealth act no 732 to create the department of the foreign affairs. The foreign policy department of foreign affairs is an agency in government that handles the state diplomacy on behalf of their citizens and place some rules and actions. Shortly after that President Manuel Roxas issued the 16 executive order 18 to provide for the organization and the how the operation of the foreign affairs department and the foreign matters will be conducted by the government for the better achievement of the tasks (Doty,2005).
The roles and functions
The duties and the responsibility of the foreign affairs are to assist the native country in the rehabilitation of the post-war, for the formulation of policies that will be favorable to promote investment for their native country and therefore to establish diplomatic relation with other nations to maintain peace and cohesion. However, the department also led to the conclusion or perhaps the end of the mutual defense treaty, as well as the Laurel –Langley Agreement that was able to pave the way for a balanced and robust trade and military relation with the United States of America for the betterment of the Philippines. Due to the role and importance of the foreign affairs President Elpidio in the year, 1952 managed to push for the Foreign Service Act to enforce and assist the department in handling its affairs with ease according to the law and the policy of the government for the benefit of the Philippians (Doty.2005). Moreover, the department managed to promote trade and investment in the foreign market and also an active role in hosting the international meetings and a lot more like the in-house training for the Foreign Service personnel.
The advantages and disadvantages
In the year 2001, President Gloria Arroyo managed to pursue the foreign affairs policy based on the following benefits; the relation that is built with nations like the China, United States of America and Japan through the department has strengthened the security issue and perhaps the economic development due to the trade involvement in the area. It has also led to the increase of the inter-regional organizations which has now become a global concern for the development of the nations (Manlagñit, 2011). It has also led to the creation and improvement of the foreign market and direct foreign investment through the relationship that has been created between the Philippines and other nations like the China which has improved and created the employment opportunities for the nation and thus boosting the economy of the country.
The international tourism was improved due to the good relationship with the global nations around the country. Besides the merits, there have also been some shortcomings based on the foreign policy activities which include; the increases insecurity and population issues due to the handling of many people from the diverse culture who has found themselves in the nation due to the good relationship that was created by the foreign affairs department. The increased competition in the local market increased hence killing the local producers (Manlagñit, 2011).
Doty, R. L. (2005). Foreign policy as social construction: A post-positivist analysis of US counterinsurgency policy in the Philippines. International studies quarterly, 37(3), 297-320.
Manlagñit, M. C. V. (2011). The economic effects of foreign bank presence: Evidence from the Philippines. Journal of International Money and Finance, 30(6), 1180-1194.