Water pollution in India

Water pollution in India

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Introduction

Water pollution is the contamination of the water bodies and hence rendering them unsafe for human consumptions or domestic use. There are several that results to water pollution and sewerage deposits into the main water bodies become a significant threat to the society especially in India and other nations. Several suggestions on the prevention measures of the sewerage have been placed forward to keep the environment clean from effluents as a result of the domestic and industrial wastes. Some of the researchers said that introduction of the sewer plants in most of India would assist in solving the problem. Others suggestion says that the treatment of the waste products before disposal will be substantial and finally educate the public on the importance of taking care of our environment.  Ideally, 65% of the water pollution is caused by sewer effluents and hence a major environmental concern thereby giving several solutions (Goel, 2006).

Solution 1

The introduction of wastewater treatment plants in most of India was one of the implementation to be taken in the control of the sewerage systems that has polluted the water resulting in diverse health problems (Zinia & Kroeze, 2015). The government report says that ‘’ wastewater treatment plant depends on the quality of the raw influent and the quality at the receiving end’’. This solution would make sure that the wastewater from different areas is treated hence making them harmless or with no contamination effluents in the long run. The placement of the plants in different areas led to the quality of water systems and thereby leading to suggestions like the use of the modern facilities and decentralization of the plants in most of India. This is to improve the health quality of the effluents from either domestic or industrial environment since the plants will take care of the harmful chemicals.

Solution 2

Improving and maintaining the drainage piping systems or perhaps sewer networks across all the cities in India which is considered to be the most efficient way according to the WHO. It was discovered that most parts of the nation did not have a complete sewer network systems to pass the materials to the right place for either treatment or disposal (Razzaque, 2002). Most of the existing pipes were very faulty according to the WHO researchers in the year 2008. Some of the pipes were leaking hence some of the waste materials would move and flow on the roads leading their way to the surface water bodies like the rivers. On the other hand, it was discovered that some of the leakages usually find their ways to the underground water and hence polluting the waters that are often dug as wells. Therefore, constant replacement of the pipes will aid in solving the problem.

Solution 3

Based on the article by (Singare, Jagtap, & Lokhande, 2011) is that education is the power to solving problems. Education, the people, was among the suggestions given by some of the reports that were conducted based on the sewerage systems in New Delhi founded by the government. It was discovered that most of the people were not aware of the problem caused by the sewer when dumping them to the water bodies like the rivers without treating them to evacuate any harmful chemicals (Rutkowski, Raschid-Sally & Buechler, 2007). The lack of education has led to the magnification of the problems since some of the people having spotted in India through some water materials from their homes into the rivers and lakes that are nearby.

Solution 4

According to the national survey systems in India, avoiding materials that would block the pipes is the major means to control the problem. The presence of the solid waste products from the kitchen leads to blockage of the sewer pipes. Therefore, the people responsible should make sure that the people are made aware of impacts of through some solid foodstuffs and other materials into the sinks that are connected to the sewer lines. The materials that perhaps do not dissolve in the water may accumulate and collects forming a heap that will then block the pipes leading to the bursting of the pipes and then overflows to the water bodies that are perhaps around (Chary, Kamala & Raj, 2008).

Solution 5

Establishment and enforcement of the law or perhaps a policy for the people and industries that will be found pouring waste materials in any form to the rivers and lakes around. Many manufacturers in India do not have a better sewer treatment center and drainage, and therefore most of their effluents loaded with various chemicals are landed to the rivers and lakes around them and therefore leading to pollution effects. The researchers argue that this solution is the best since it people requires the law to act in the right manner (Das, Manickam, Hutin, Pal, Chhotray, Kar & Gupte, 2009).

Conclusions

Water pollution through sewerage has been one of the leading causes of the contamination. The substance contains chemicals that have health effects to the aquatic and humans living in the ecosystem. Therefore, the WHO together with others globally comes up various solutions to the sewerage systems to prevent the problem. Consequently, among the solutions given treatment and management of the sewer pipes would be the best prevention measure to be taken by the state in the India environmentalists to get rid of the problem that has caused so much health issues to most of the people in India and other nations.

References

Chary, N. S., Kamala, C. T., & Raj, D. S. S. (2008). Assessing risk of heavy metals from consuming food grown on sewage irrigated soils and food chain transfer. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 69(3), 513-524.

Das, A., Manickam, P., Hutin, Y., Pal, B. B., Chhotray, G. P., Kar, S. K., & Gupte, M. D. (2009). An outbreak of cholera associated with an unprotected well in Parbatia, Orissa, Eastern India. Journal of health, population, and nutrition, 27(5), 646.

Goel, P. K. (2006). Water pollution: causes, effects and control. New Age International.

Razzaque, J. (2002). Human rights and the environment: the national experience in South Asia and Africa.

Rutkowski, T., Raschid-Sally, L., & Buechler, S. (2007). Wastewater irrigation in the developing world—two case studies from the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. Agricultural Water Management, 88(1), 83-91.

Singare, P. U., Jagtap, A. G., & Lokhande, R. S. (2011). Water pollution by discharge effluents from Gove Industrial Area of Maharashtra, India: Dispersion of heavy metals and their Toxic effects. International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, 11(1), 28-36.

Zinia, N. J., & Kroeze, C. (2015). Future trends in urbanization and coastal water pollution in the Bay of Bengal: the lived experience. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 17(3), 531-546.