In all the crime that occurs in the society, there must be a victim and the offender being involved. Therefore, victimology is a branch of criminology that deals with the study of victims of a crime and the psychological effects of being a crime victim. It focuses on whether the perpetrators were strangers, family members, friends and more so why the place or person was targeted. The primary focus is to identify and then measure the frequency of the diverse types of victimization carjacking, rape, and stalking (Walklate, 2013).
It also works to create a linkage between the victims and the criminal justice system to enable the victims to find the courage to raise his or her voice against the offense occurred to him or her. It links the police, the courts with the victims of a given crime and others social groups such as the media, organizations, and businesses (Karmen, 2012). The police and the courts in the judicial systems have the responsibility to answer to the issues that have been raised by the victimologists to apply the element of justice to ensure that the people or perhaps the citizens whom the state is working hard to make sure they are safe from the pangs of the offenders.
Victimology could also be viewed from the perspective of human rights because it also addresses the aspect of human rights. On the other hand, it is a fact that it has the beginning on the disciplines of criminology and the criminal justice. They study and address the individuals that are threatened and affected by either the criminal person or perhaps an organization within the society. It assists the victims to raise his or her voice towards the crime committed with him or her.
Karmen, A. (2012). Crime victims: An introduction to victimology. Cengage Learning.
Walklate, S. (2013). Victimology (Routledge Revivals): The Victim and the Criminal Justice Process. Routledge.