Louis XIV central issues

Louis XIV central issues

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Introduction

Louis XIV is remembered to be one of the most famous monarchs in French history, and under his rule, France became a dominating power in the entire Europe. During the period of his rain from Five years old, France knew much opulence and success that his reign is considered as a Golden Era in the French rulers and thus he is named as the Sun King (Anderson, 2013). Therefore, for his prosperity and failure in France can be considered through his central issue under his leadership (Cowart, 2008). The issues include his government system, religious persecution, Versailles, economy, and arts. This paper will discuss Louis XIV central issues during his reign as the leader of France from 1638-1715.

Louis XIV had a monarchical government system where he had all the absolute powers. He gained power for himself and the national government through the absolutism system thus he would have power over the legislature, executives, and Judiciary (Rothkrug, 2015).  He wanted to expand his territory through taking other European nations like Spain. Moreover, he extended his bureaucracy and in turn appointed the officials to assist him in carrying out his policies in other territorial states. Through this, his power expanded through the ambition of making France a superpower among the European nations. Therefore, to protect this and make the dream happen, he had to build a big army that could fight to victory against any war. However, through this, he never considered collaborating with other nations to assist in taking the European which made him weak to some extent. Therefore, through this other nation like British collaborated and protected Spain from being taken by France. Thus, he lost against the European Union who fought to protect Spain (Lynn, 2013).

Moreover, he practiced a system that enhanced the economic system of France during his reign (Klaits, 2015). He practiced mercantilism and promoted trade through the entire France. However, through that, he imposed a high tax rate or the tariffs on imports. Therefore, his government gathered much from the imports, and this assisted in his stabilization to pay his soldiers and purchase much of heavy machinery. He encouraged the development of industries and also oversees colonies. The system promoted trade welfare since the industries were able to produce goods that the made France depend on themselves and even the industries also assisted in paying tax increasing the revenue collection amount. Additionally, he sponsored the musical entertainment and also encouraged the commissioning of the plays. Therefore, this made the French artistic styles became models for the entire Europe. Thus, this is one of the most significant achievements of the Sun King (Morphy, 2009).

Louis XIV and Versailles in the year 1651 when he was just thirteen years old were paramount to him, and he wanted to the place. The Versailles was an enormous place and had many things that could not be described in one sentence. It was a symbol of wealth and power but was expensive to maintain (Beik, 2005). It was estimated to consume about 25% of the total income of France. The daily life, celebrations were very orderly and at the same time rigid with more than a hundred officials assisting the king to wake up, dress and then prepare for the operations of the day. The place was more comfortable than any other place in France, but on the other hand, it drained almost half of the entire income of France Hurt, 2010). Therefore, France became bankrupt as much debt was collected to maintain the expensive Versailles of the Versailles. The economic power of the nation dropped, and it began to fall under the leadership of Sun King due to the luxurious life he wanted and creation of more enemies than friendship (Shovlin, 2007).

Moreover, the king was involved in religious persecutions and mistreatment. The absolute system of government made him control all the religious activities in France (Hyde, 2005). He participated in significant church activities, Therefore, to control the church he would go through the divine rights of kings which go along with absolutism and be a figure of the people that is spoken through by almighty God. Due to the control system, he ordered the persecution of Huguenots and also revoked the Edict of Nantes. The rule of persecution of religious subjected led to the majority of the people engulfed in fear and desperations and hence disregarding his leadership (Rowland’s, 2002).

Conclusion

The paper discusses the history of the king of France King Louis XIV in reflection to his central’s issues that are discussed by most scholars. His leadership is experienced on two sides with the formation of strong territorial governance through the expansive territory. He had a strong army that would take other nations like Britain to ally with others to defeat him and kill his ambitions of taking Spain with the aid of his grandson. Therefore, his leadership was merged with excessive control and unlimited power to control all the other existing arms of government. The result was an abrasion of force and increasing debt system making France bankrupt.

References

Anderson, Perry. Lineages of the Absolutist State (Verso World History Series). Verso Books, 2013.

Beik, William. “The absolutism of Louis XIV as social collaboration.” Past & Present 188, no. 1 (2005): 195-224.

Hyde, Elizabeth. Cultivated Power: flowers, culture, and politics in the reign of Louis XIV. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.

Hurt, John. Louis XIV and the parlements: the assertion of royal authority. Manchester University Press, 2010.

Klaits, Joseph. Printed propaganda under Louis XIV: absolute monarchy and public opinion. Princeton University Press, 2015.

Morphy, Howard. “Art as a mode of action: Some problems with Gell’s art and agency.” Journal of material culture 14, no. 1 (2009): 5-27.

Merriman, John. A history of modern Europe: from the Renaissance to the present. Vol. 1. WW Norton & Company, 2009.

Lynn, John A. The wars of Louis XIV 1667-1714. Routledge, 2013.

Rothkrug, Lionel. Opposition to Louis XIV: The Political and Social Origins of French Enlightenment. Princeton University Press, 2015.

Rowlands, Guy. The Dynastic State and the Army under Louis XIV: Royal Service and Private Interest 1661–1701. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Shovlin, John. The Political Economy of Virtue: Luxury, Patriotism, and the Origins of the French Revolution. Cornell University Press, 2007.

Cowart, Georgia. The Triumph of Pleasure: Louis XIV and the Politics of Spectacle. University of Chicago Press, 2008.